Discussion in 'Open Source' started by Atul Shukla, Aug 6, 2005.
Can i get the first version of linux. I am new to linux and want to give it a shape from start.
September 1991 - Linux version 0.01 is released. and it doesnt support X-Window.
And remember tht Linux is not the OS, it is just a kernel. Waht we see now a days are mostly running gnu systems on Linux kernel. Thats why we call it gnu/linux
Download the v1.0 kernel from here:
Its barely 1 MB in size barely usable.
Your welcome. You said you are new to Linux, Then how to you plan to give it a shape from start?
see the smiley in his post ???
Don't you think this is something like learning the bicycle before you want to drive a car? Just start with the car man!! Take a latest distro and start learning. Otherwise by the time you are thru with first version, 10 more versions will be out.
Looks like this guy doesn't know what he is talking about or even what he wants...
if u wanna know about origin of linux , let me tell you linux was made by a BCA or PGDCA student ( not sure)
as his project report. it may sound amazing but its true.
i had read this long time back in a linux book.
Why do u need old versions.
it's like asking for Windows 1.1 ha ha
guy named linneus torvalds wrote the kernel i guess, correct me if rong
What can this be used for ?
rong itself is WRONG buddie, well, e was a hacker and so is bill gates ,
refer this site for a bookon legendary hackers :
I've heard that Bill Gates actually stole the code from IBM/apple to create windows.
Actually he bought MSdos from a swedish hacker and using that copied the windows thing from Apple and build Windows.
If u want to use linux then go for a new version coz they support Graphical User Interface with X windows. If u want to learn the basics of an operating system (Linux) then go for the old version. First version of linux was written for Intel 386 processor which is so simple compared with todayâ€™s linux kernel 2.6. Here r some prerequisites before learning Linux kernel.
1. U should be able to understand the system architecture. ( I started with Intel 8086 16 bit processor then I moved to Intel 386 processor this was the Intel's first 32bit microprocessor, now i am going with Intel Pentium 4 i686)
2. U should be able to understand Assembly language. (It is a old language (Machine Dependent). some parts of the linux kernel is written in assembly language, parts like Boot sector cannot be even expressed in C language.)
3. U should be able to understand C language. ( Most of the linux kernel is written in C language)
IBM contacted Bill Gates to license his Basic interpreter for IBM pc designed in 1980's. They also asked for an operating system. Gates bought "DOS" from Seattle Computer Products for $50,000. He hired Tim Paterson as his employee who actually wrote DOS to make some changes for IBM. Then he changed DOS to MS-DOS
Intel was the first company to make microprocessor even though IBM released first personal computer it used Intelâ€™s 8088 microprocessor. so Intel had a wide market, Gates made an agreement between Intel to create operating system for their processor, every computer that shipped with Intel microprocessor had Microsoft operating system by default, in this way Microsoft spread world wide. Bill Gates has a excellent knowledge in Business. Following r the quotes from Linus Torvalds
"If I ever met Bill Gates, there wouldn't be much of a meeting point. I couldn't tell him about business, and he couldn't tell me about technology."
Linux was created by a young Finnish student named Linus Benedict Torvalds who was studying computer science at the university of Helinski. Linus had a Intel 386 based computer and was using MINIX (mini UNIX) operating system, written by Andrew s Tanenbaum. This operating system came with the source code. After some time Linus decided to write his own operating system for his personal use, naturally he coded his operating system for 386 processor which he had at home, so the first version of linux was released for 386 processor.
Minix & Andrew S. Tanenbaum
Professor Andy Tanenbaum, a fairly well respected and a famous computer scientist was teaching a course on operating systems and was using unix version 6. when unix became an intellectual propoerty they forbid teaching about the unix internals. so Tanenbaum wrote a unix clone that was free from unix code and named it as "minix". Then Tanenbaum wrote a book named "Operating Systems: Design and Implementations" this book contained minix source code. Within couple of months if its release minix had it own usenet group comp.os.minix. Many people started to improve minix kernel but Tanenbaum prohbited adding new code to the minix kernel because he wanted to keep minix simple so that students can learn it in the duration of a semester. so Linus decided to write his own operating system which was to became Linux. Tanenbaum along with Gregory j. sharp created a distributed operating system knowm as Amoeba.
Tanenbaum has also written few books for more information visit www.cs.vu.nl/~ast/
What i have given is very small history of linux u can find more things on the Net. If u find something wrong, correct it
Great post man..
What can the linux 1.0 or 0.01 be used for or how to use it.
It takes a whole book to explain for what a kernel(linux) is used. I am just a beginner, any how I will explain what I know. Following r the parts of a computer.
1. CPU : (central processing unit or processor) all the programs r run by cpu.
2. MEMORY: Memory is a device where information is stored and retrieved. Memory is further divided in two groupsâ€™ Primary memory and secondary memory. RAM is a primary memory (sometimes called as physical memory). Secondary memory consists of hard disk, floppy, CD, etc.
3. I/O: Input Output devices. Keyboard is a best example for an input device. Output device consists of monitor, printer, etc
A program that make these hardware useful is called a kernel. Kernel is a huge and a complicated program that deals with the real hardware. Kernel is the core of any operating system. Application programs use the operating system to do their job. To an average programmer it is hard to write a kernel than application program. That is the reason there r only few operating systems but a lot of application programs. Linus Torvalds decided to write his own operating system which is the kernel alone and named the kernel as LINUX. LINUX is only the kernel, u have to write the application programs to use the LINUX kernel. Mostly GNU applications r used on the LINUX kernel. Distributions like Redhat , Debian, etc pack LINUX kernel and the Applications (like texteditor, openoffice, etc) for our easy use.
The first linux kernel was written for Intel 386 CPU. As the hardware industry goes on adding new features to the CPU, new kernel is written to use those features
What I have given is very small information. If anything is wrong please correct it.
Thanks for the info.
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