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Cool Xp Tips/Tricks

Discussion in 'Software Q&A' started by heart-breaker, Apr 11, 2006.

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  1. heart-breaker

    heart-breaker New Member

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    hi guys H.B 8) here..

    check out some of these tips,tricks,helps for winxp

    :) :) :) :) :) :) :) :) :) :) :) :) :) :) :) :) :) :) :) :) :) :) :) :)

    Opening Ports or Adding Allowed Programs with SP2's Firewall

    1.Click on Start / Run
    2.Enter in firewall.cpl
    3.Click on the Exceptions tab

    Adding a Port for Internet Access:
    1.Click on the Add Port button
    2.Name it whatever you want
    3.Enter in the ports you want to open

    Adding a Program for Internet Access
    1.Click on Add Program... button
    2.A list of all installed programs will be displayed
    3.Highlight the one you want to include for Internet access
    4.Click on the OK button

    Autoexec.nt or Config.nt Errors

    If you are getting errors similar to:
    The system file is not suitable for running MS-DOS and Microsoft Windows applications. Choose 'Close' to terminate the application.
    Try copying the file from \windows\repair directory to the one that is in the \windows\system32 directory.


    Common Control Panel Applets

    The follow are some common Control Panel Applets that are located in the \windows\system32 directory.
    If you find yourself using any of these frequently, then you can simply make shortcuts to them on your desktop.

    appwiz.cpl >>Add/Remove Programs
    desk.cpl >> Display Properties
    firewall.cpl >> Firewall Settings
    inetcpl.cpl >> Internet Options
    mmsys.cpl >> Sound and Audio
    ncpa.cpl >> Network Connections
    nusrmgr.cpl >> User Accounts
    powercfg.cpl >> Power Options
    sysdm.cpl >>System Properties
    wscui.cpl >> Security Center
    wuaucpl.cpl >> Automatic Updates Configuration


    Windows Explorer Opens Search Companion Rather than the Folder
    If the Windows Explorer opens up the Search Companion rather than opening up the actual folder, the default setting for opening a folder is changed.

    To correct this:
    Start Regedit
    Go to HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT \ Directory \ shell
    Edit the default value to be explorer or none


    Guest Only Network Access

    If you try and connect to an XP computer and are shown a logins screen with only the computername/Guest,
    You may need to change one of the Local Security Policies:
    Got to Control Panel - Administrative Tools
    Go to Local Policies - Security Options
    Check teh Network access: Sharing and security model for local accounts
    Set it to Classic - local users authenticate as themselves


    Hiding a XP Computer from Network Neighborhood

    If you want to share files from a XP computer,
    yet want to remove it from showing up in the Network Neighborhood,
    Run net config server /hidden:yes


    Easy Way to Share Multiple Folders

    If you need to share multiple folders, running the program SHRPUBW.EXE will bring up a simple dialog box to let you:
    Browse to the folder you want to share
    Enter in a Share name
    Ender in a Share description
    Set permissions. Several choices are available
    Restart the process from within the same program


    Not Viewing Zip Files as Folders

    If you want to turn of WindowsXP showing Zip files as folders,
    just run:
    regsvr32 /u zipfldr.dll


    Setting Capslock, Numlock, Scroll Lock

    If you want to set the startup state for any or all of these keys,
    you just need to edit the registry.
    Start Regedit
    Go to HKEY_CURRENT_USER \ Control Panel \ Keyboard
    Open InitialKeyboardIndicators
    Change the value to one of the following numbers
    0 - All Keys off
    1 - Caps Lock on
    2 - Num Lock on
    4 - Scroll Lock on
    For multiple keys, add their values:
    3 - Caps Lock and Num Lock on
    5 - Caps Lock and Scroll Lock on
    6 - Num Lock and Scroll Lock on
    7 - Caps Lock, Num Lock, and Scroll Lock on
    Log off and back on again


    Restoring Desktop Icon to the Quicklaunch Bar

    If you mistakenly deleted the icon for the Desktop on the Quicklaunch toolbar
    Go to C:\Documents and Settings\user_name\Application Data\Microsoft\Internet Explorer\Quick Launch
    (where user_name is replaced by your login name)
    Create a Text file called ShowDesktop.SCF with the following contents:
    [Shell]
    Command=2
    IconFile=explorer.exe,3
    [Taskbar]
    Command=ToggleDesktop


    Network Access After Norton Anti-Virus Install

    Sometimes you can't access a WinXP computer after installing Norton Anti-Virus.
    There might be a variety of errors at the other computer depending on the operating system.
    On the XP computer, in the Event Viewer / System log, there will be the following error:
    The server's configuration parameter "irpstacksize" is too small for the server to use a local device.
    Start Regedit
    Go to HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\lanmanserver\parameters
    Edit the IRPStackSize
    Give it a value of 15
    Reboot the computer


    Configure for Auto-Logon

    If you are the only person using the computer and what to have it automatically log you on,
    Start / Run / "control userpasswords2" - no quotes
    Uncheck User must enter a user name and password to use this computer
    Services You Can Disable
    There are quite a few services you can disable from starting automatically.
    This would be to speed up your boot time and free resources.
    They are only suggestions so I suggestion you read the description of each one when you run Services
    and that you turn them off one at a time.
    Some possibilities are:
    Alerter - Sends alert messages to specified users that are connected to the server computer.
    Application Management - Allows software to tap directly into the Add/Remove Programs feature via the Windows Installer technology.
    Background Intelligent Transfer Service - The Background Intelligent Transfer service is used by programs (such as Windows AutoUpdate) to download files by using spare bandwidth.
    Clipbook - ClipBook permits you to cut and paste text and graphics over the network.
    Error Reporting Service - Allows applications to send error reports to Microsoft in the event of an application fault.
    Fast User Switching - Windows XP allows users to switch quickly between accounts, without requiring them to log off.
    Help and Support - Allows the XP Built-in Help and Support Center to run.
    IMAPI CD-Burning COM Service - You don't need this if you have other software to create CDs.
    Indexing Service - Indexes contents and properties of files on local and remote computers; provides rapid access to files through flexible querying language.
    IP SEC - Manages IP security policy and starts the ISAKMP/Oakley (IKE) and the IP security driver. If you are not on a domain, you likely don't need this running.
    Messenger - Transmits net send and Alerter service messages between clients and servers. This is how a lot of pop-up windows start appearing on your desktop.
    Net Logon - Supports pass-through authentication of account logon events for computers in a domain. If you are not on a domain, you don't need this running
    Network DDE - Provides network transport and security for Dynamic Data Exchange (DDE) for programs running on the same computer or on different computers.
    NT LM Security Support Provider - Provides security to remote procedure call (RPC) programs that use transports other than named pipes.
    Performance Logs and Alerts - Collects performance data from local or remote computers based on preconfigured schedule parameters, then writes the data to a log or triggers an alert. If you don't need to monitor your performance logs, then you don't need this service.
    Portable Media Serial Number - Retrieves the serial number of any portable music player connected to your computer
    QOS RSVP - Provides network signaling and local traffic control setup functionality for QoS-aware programs and control applets.
    Remote Desktop Help Session Manager - Manages and controls Remote Assistance. If you are not using Remote Desktop you don't need this service.
    Remote Registry - Enables remote users to modify registry settings on this computer.
    Routing & Remote Access - Offers routing services to businesses in local area and wide area network environments. Allows dial-in access.
    Secondary Login - Enables starting processes under alternate credentials. This is what allows you to run an application as another user.
    Smart Card - Manages access to smart cards read by this computer.
    Smart Card Helper - Enables support for legacy non-plug and play smart-card readers used by this computer.
    SSDP Discovery Service - Enables discovery of UPnP devices on your home network.
    TCP/IP NetBIOS Helper - Enables support for NetBIOS over TCP/IP (NetBT) service and NetBIOS name resolution. This should not be needed in today's network environment.
    Telnet - Enables a remote user to log on to this computer and run programs, and supports various TCP/IP Telnet clients.
    Uninterruptible Power Supply Service - Manages an uninterruptible power supply (UPS) connected to the computer.
    Universal Plug and Play Device Host - Provides support to host Universal Plug and Play devices
    Upload Manager - Manages synchronous and asynchronous file transfers between clients and servers on the network.
    Volume Shadow Copy Service - Manages and implements Volume Shadow Copies used for backup and other purposes.
    Web Client - Enables Windows-based programs to create, access, and modify non-local files across the Internet.
    Wireless Zero Configuration - Provides automatic configuration for the 802.11 adapters
    WMI Performance Adapter - Provides performance library information from WMI HiPerf providers.


    Cleaning the Prefetch Directory

    WindowsXP has a new feature called Prefetch. This keeps a shortcut to recently used programs.
    However it can fill up with old and obsolete programs.
    To clean this periodically go to:
    Star / Run / Prefetch
    Press Ctrl-A to highlight all the shorcuts
    Delete them


    Not Displaying Logon, Logoff, Startup and Shutdown Status Messages

    To turn these off:
    Start Regedit
    Go to HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\policies\system
    If it is not already there, create a DWORD value named DisableStatusMessages
    Give it a value of 1


    Repair Install

    If XP is corrupted to the point where none of the previous solutions get it to boot,
    you can do a Repair Install that might work as well as keep the current settings.
    Make sure you have your valid WindowsXP key.
    The whole process takes about half an hour depending on your computer
    If you are being prompted for the administrator's password, you need to choose the 2nd repair option, not the first.
    Insert and boot from your WindowsXP CD
    At the second R=Repair option, press the R key
    This will start the repair
    Press F8 for I Agree at the Licensing Agreement
    Press R when the directory where WindowsXP is installed is shown. Typically this is C:\WINDOWS
    It will then check the C: drive and start copying files
    It will automatically reboot when needed. Keep the CD in the drive.
    You will then see the graphic part of the repair that is like during a normal install of XP (Collecting Information, Dynamic Update, Preparing Installation, Installing Windows, Finalizing Installation)
    When prompted, click on the Next button
    When prompted, enter your XP key
    Normally you will want to keep the same Workgroup or Domain name
    The computer will reboot
    Then you will have the same screens as a normal XP Install
    Activate if you want (usually a good idea)
    Register if you want (but not necessary)
    Finish
    At this point you should be able to log in with any existing accounts.


    NTOSKRNL Missing or Corrupt

    If you get an error that NTOSKRNL not found:
    Insert and boot from your WindowsXP CD.
    At the first R=Repair option, press the R key
    Press the number that corresponds to the correct location for the installation of Windows you want to repair.
    Typically this will be #1
    Change to the drive that has the CD ROM.
    CD i386
    expand ntkrnlmp.ex_ C:\Windows\System32\ntoskrnl.exe
    If WindowsXP is installed in a different location, just make the necessary change to C:\Windows
    Take out the CD ROM and type exit


    HAL.DLL Missing or Corrupt

    If you get an error regarding a missing or corrupt hal.dll file, it might simply be the BOOT.INI file on the root of the C: drive that is misconfigured
    Insert and boot from your WindowsXP CD.
    At the first R=Repair option, press the R key
    Press the number that corresponds to the correct location for the installation of Windows you want to repair.
    Typically this will be #1
    Type bootcfg /list to show the current entries in the BOOT.INI file
    Type bootcfg /rebuild to repair it
    Take out the CD ROM and type exit


    Corrupted or Missing \WINDOWS\SYSTEM32\CONFIG

    If you get the error:
    Windows could not start because the following files is missing or corrupt
    \WINDOWS\SYSTEM32\CONFIG\SYSTEM or \WINDOWS\SYSTEM32\CONFIG\SOFTWARE
    Insert and boot from your WindowsXP CD.
    At the first R=Repair option, press the R key
    Press the number that corresponds to the correct location for the installation of Windows you want to repair.
    Typically this will be #1
    Enter in the administrator password when requested
    cd \windows\system32\config
    Depending on which section was corrupted:
    ren software software.bad or ren system system.bad
    Depending on which section was corrupted
    copy \windows\repair\system
    copy \windows\repair\software
    Take out the CD ROM and type exit


    NTLDR or NTDETECT.COM Not Found

    If you get an error that NTLDR is not found during bootup,
    If you have FAT32 partitions, it is much simpler than with NTFS.
    Just boot with a Win98 floppy and copy the NTLDR or NTDETECT.COM files
    from the i386 directory to the root of the C:\ drive.
    For NTFS:
    Insert and boot from your WindowsXP CD.
    At the first R=Repair option, press the R key
    Press the number that corresponds to the correct location for the installation of Windows you want to repair.
    Typically this will be #1
    Enter in the administrator password when requested
    Enter in the following commands (X: is replaced by the actual drive letter that is assigned to the CD ROM drive.
    COPY X:\i386\NTLDR C\:
    COPY X:\i386\NTDETECT.COM C:\
    Take out the CD ROM and type exit


    Bringing Up the Shutdown Dialog Box

    Create a new txt file somewhere on your system, open it and put in this one line:
    (new ActiveXObject("Shell.Application")).ShutdownWindows();
    Save and Close the file. Change the extension to js and your got it.
    You can make a shortcut to that file to make it easy to shut down your system.


    Hiding the Last User Logged On

    If you use the standard NT style of login and want to hide the last user:
    Start the Group Policy Editor (gpedit.msc)
    Go to Computer Configuration / Windows Settings / Security Settings / Local Policies / Security Options
    Scroll down to Interactive logon: Do not display last user name
    Set it to Enable


    Poweroff at Shutdown

    If your computer does not turn off the power when doing a shutdown,
    you may need to edit the registry. I have all the correct BIOS and Power settings and still needed to do this.
    Start Regedit
    Go to HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Control Panel\Desktop
    Edit the key PowerOffActive and give it a value of 1
    You can do the same in HKEY_USERS\.DEFAULT\Control Panel\Desktop


    Remembering Folder Settings

    If XP does not remember your folder settings, delete or rename the following registry keys
    [HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\ShellNoRoam\BagMRU]
    [HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\ShellNoRoam\Bags]


    Preventing Applications from Stealing the Focus

    To prevent applications from stealing the focus from the window you are working
    Start Regedit
    Go to HKEY_CURRENT_USER \ Control Panel \ Desktop
    Edit the key ForegroundLockTimeout
    Give it a value of 00030d40


    Disable Explorer Thumbnail View

    If you want disable the Explorer's ability to show the Thumbnail View ,
    Start Regedit
    Go to HKEY_CURRENT_USER \ Software \ Microsoft \ Windows \ CurrentVersion \ Explorer \ Advanced \
    Change ClassicViewState to 1

    Disable Shared Documents

    To disable the Shared Documents folder that shows up on the network
    Start Regedit
    Go to HKEY_CURRENT_USER \ Software \ Microsoft \ Windows \ CurrentVersion \ Policies \ Explorer \
    Create a new DWORD Value
    Give it the name NoSharedDocuments
    Give it a value of 1
    Log off or reboot


    Removing Thumbs.db Files

    When viewing a folder with the Thumbnail view, WindowsXP creates a thumbs.db file.
    This is a cache of the current pictures in that directory.
    If you want to turn this feature off and save a little disk space
    Start the Windows Explorer
    Go to Tools / Folder Options / View
    In the first section under Files and Folders, check Do not cache thumbnails
    Now you can search for the thumbs.db file on your computer and remove them. No more should be created.



    Enable / Disable the Task Manager

    Start Regedit
    Go to HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Policies\System
    Create the Dword value DisableTaskMgr
    Give it a value of 0 to enable it
    Give it a vaule of 1 to disable it


    Clearing the Page File on Shutdown

    Another way to set the computer to clear the pagefile without directly editing the registry is:
    Click on the Start button
    Go to the Control Panel
    Administrative Tools
    Local Security Policy
    Local Policies
    Click on Security Options
    Right hand menu - right click on "Shutdown: Clear Virtual Memory Pagefile"
    Select "Enable"
    Reboot
    If you want to clear the page file on each shutdown:
    Start Regedit
    Go to HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Control\Session Manager\Memory Management\ClearPageFileAtShutdown
    Set the value to 1


    No GUI Boot

    If you don't need to see the XP boot logo,
    Run MSCONFIG
    Click on the BOOT.INI tab
    Check the box for /NOGUIBOOT


    Using the Classic Search in Explorer

    If you prefer to use the classic search style in Explorer,
    Start Regedit
    Go to HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\CabinetState
    Add a String Key called Use Search Asst
    Give it a value of no


    Changing Drive Letters

    If you want to change the letters assigned to your fixed or removable drives:
    Right Click on My Computer
    Select Manage
    Select Disk Management
    For a Fixed Disk:
    Select it
    Right click
    Select Change Drive Letter and Path
    Click on the Edit button
    Enter in the letter you want to use
    For a Removable Disk:
    In the lower, right hand panel, right click on the Disk or CD ROM #
    Select Change Drive Letter and Path
    Click on the Edit button
    Enter in the letter you want to use


    Changing the Registered Owner

    Start Regedit
    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion
    From there you can edit the name in the Registered Owner key

    Decreasing Boot Time

    Microsoft has made available a program to analyze and decrease the time it takes to boot to WindowsXP
    The program is called BootVis
    Uncompress the file.
    Run BOOTVIS.EXE
    For a starting point, run Trace / Next Boot + Driver Delays
    This will reboot your computer and provide a benchmark
    After the reboot, BootVis will take a minute or two to show graphs of your system startup.
    Note how much time it takes for your system to load (click on the red vertical line)
    Then run Trace / Optimize System
    Re-Run the Next Boot + Drive Delays
    Note how much the time has decreased
    Mine went from approximately 39 to 30 seconds.


    Hide/Unhide Logon Names

    If you want to hide or unhide the names of users that are displayed on the initial logon screen:
    Start Regedit
    Go to HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE \ SOFTWARE \ Microsoft \ Windows NT \ CurrentVersion \ Winlogon \ SpecialAccounts \ UserList
    Add a DWORD with the name of the user account you want to hide
    Make sure it has a value of 0
    If there is an existing account, you can unhide it by giving it a value of 1


    WindowsXP Command Line Utilities

    While there are a lot of command line utilities in WindowsXP, here are some that I have been using lately.
    bootcfg - Configures, queries, or changes Boot.ini file settings.
    driverquery - Displays a list of all installed device drivers and their properties.
    getmac - Returns the media access control (MAC) address and list of network protocols associated with each address for all network cards in each computer
    gpresult - Displays Group Policy settings and Resultant Set of Policy (RSOP) for a user or a computer
    netsh - You can use commands in the Netsh Interface IP context to configure the TCP/IP protocol
    schtasks - Schedules commands and programs to run periodically or at a specific time
    systeminfo - Displays detailed configuration information about a computer and its operating system


    Disabling Hibernation

    If you don't want to use up the disk space taken by Hibernation, or don't need to use it at all,
    you can easily disable it.
    Open up the Control Panel / Power Options icon
    Click on the Hibernation icon
    Uncheck Enable Hibernation


    Increasing System Performance

    If you have 512 megs or more of memory, you can increase system performance
    by having the core system kept in memory.
    Start Regedit
    Go to HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Control\Session Manager\Memory Management\DisablePagingExecutive
    Set the value to be 1
    Reboot the computer


    Common Command Console Utilities

    WindowsXP comes with quite a few console utilities you can easily run from the command line:
    Computer Management - compmgmt.msc
    Disk Managment - diskmgmt.msc
    Device Manager - devmgmt.msc
    Disk Defrag - dfrg.msc
    Event Viewer - eventvwr.msc
    Shared Folders - fsmgmt.msc
    Group Policies - gpedit.msc
    Local Users and Groups - lusrmgr.msc
    Performance Monitor - perfmon.msc
    Resultant Set of Policies - rsop.msc
    Local Security Settings - secpol.msc
    Services - services.msc
    Component Services - comexp.msc



    Automatically Ending Non-Responsive Tasks

    Start Regedit
    Go to HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Control Panel\Desktop\AutoEndTasks
    Set the value to be 1
    In the same section, change the WaitToKillAppTimeout to the number of milliseconds you want.


    Changing Programs That Start Automatically

    WindowsXP has a similar program, MSCONFIG, that was available in Windows98.
    This allows you to view and change what programs are automatically started each time you log in.
    The new version also allows you to view and edit the boot.ini file (as well as check for errors and use several advanced switches)


    Creating an Automated Install of WindowsXP

    On the WindowsXP CP, in the SUPPORT\TOOLS directory,
    there is a file called DEPLOY.CAB.
    Extract the programs DEPLOY.CHM (help file) and SETUPMGR.EXE (main program)
    Run SETUPMGR and answer the prompts.
    This will create both a unattend.bat and unattend.txt file you can use for automated installs.
    Note: The batch file might need some minor modification for file locations but it is fairly basic.
     
  2. MysticHalo

    MysticHalo Your Maker.

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    Now thats quite a collection....but there's already a sticky for this
     
  3. QwertyManiac

    QwertyManiac Commander in Chief

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